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Mongolia - the empire of Genghis Khan


Geographical diversity and natural beauty: Mongolia, a landlocked country in Central Asia, is known for its breathtaking and diverse landscape. From the Gobi Desert in the south to the dense forests and crystal-clear lakes in the north, the country offers an impressive array of natural wonders. The vast, untouched steppes that characterize Mongolia offer a sense of freedom and infinity.

Rich history and cultural heritage: Mongolia has a long and fascinating history, closely linked to the figure of the legendary ruler Genghis Khan. His empire in the 13th century was the largest contiguous empire in history. Today, the cultural heritage of the Mongols is alive in their music, dance and traditional festivals, such as the Naadam Festival.

Traditional way of life

Traditional way oflife and nomadic culture: The traditional nomadic way of life plays a central role in Mongolian culture. Many Mongolians still live in yurts (traditional tents) and follow the migrations of their herds. This way of life reflects a deep connection with nature and a sustainable understanding of the environment and resources.

Economic development and challenges: The Mongolian economy has undergone significant change in recent decades, mainly due to the discovery and exploitation of rich mineral resources. This has led to rapid economic growth, but also to challenges in terms of environmental protection and social justice.

Ulaanbaatar: A city between tradition and modernity: The capital Ulaanbaatar is the political, economic and cultural center of Mongolia. It combines modern architecture and facilities with traditional elements and is a lively place where old customs and new urban life intermingle.

Culinary specialties

Culinary specialties and hospitality: Mongolian cuisine is simple but nutritious, characterized by meat and dairy products that reflect the harsh climate and nomadic way of life. Mongolian hospitality is legendary and visitors are often welcomed with open arms and traditional dishes such as airag (fermented mare's milk).

Importance of Buddhism and shamanistic traditions: Buddhism plays an important role in the spiritual life of many Mongolians. Shamanistic practices and beliefs are also deeply rooted in the culture. These spiritual traditions influence people's daily lives and worldview.

Nature conservation and environmental awareness: Given its pristine natural landscapes, Mongolia is increasingly committed to protecting the environment and preserving its unique ecosystems. National parks and protected areas are important initiatives to preserve the country's natural beauty for future generations.

Weather in Mongolia in July

Summer in the steppe

Pleasant summer conditions: July is one of the best months to visit Mongolia as it is the warmest and most stable month of the year. Temperatures are pleasant and ideal for traveling and outdoor exploration. During the day, temperatures can generally range between 20°C and 30°C, while the nights are slightly cooler.

Regional differences in weather: The climate in Mongolia varies depending on the region. While the Gobi Desert in the south can be hot and dry, the northern regions and mountain areas offer more pleasant temperatures and more precipitation. The steppe regions are often warm and sunny with occasional rain showers.

Occasional rain and green landscapes: Although July is generally dry, occasional rain showers can occur, especially in the northern regions. This rainfall helps to keep the landscape green and vibrant, making for spectacular photo opportunities.

Naadam Festival: A cultural highlight: July is also the time of the Naadam Festival, Mongolia's largest and most famous festival. This traditional festival takes place in mid-July and includes competitions in the three "manly sports": wrestling, archery and horse racing. The event offers a unique opportunity to experience the rich culture and traditions of Mongolia.

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1. karakoram

Former capital of a world empire: Karakorum, also known as Kharkhorin in Mongolia, was once the capital of the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan and his successors. Founded in the 13th century, the city served as the political and cultural center of the largest contiguous empire in world history.

Archaeological site and cultural heritage: Today, Karakorum is an important archaeological site that offers insights into Mongolia's glorious past. Although many of the original structures no longer exist, the ruins and excavations bear witness to the city's former greatness.

Fascinating exhibitions and artifacts: The local museum features a collection of artifacts and exhibitions that showcase life in Karakorum during its heyday. Here, visitors can learn more about the history, culture and art of the Mongolian Empire.

2nd Gobi Desert

Mystical landscapes and diverse ecosystems: The Gobi Desert, one of the largest deserts in Asia, stretches across parts of southern Mongolia and northern China. It is known for its impressive and diverse landscapes, ranging from huge sand dunes to rocky mountains and icy valleys.

Rich in fossils and paleontological significance: The Gobi is a treasure trove for paleontologists and became famous for the discovery of dinosaur fossils and eggs. These finds have contributed significantly to the understanding of the prehistoric era and make the Gobi an important place for scientific research.

Unique flora and fauna: Despite the harsh conditions, the Gobi is home to an astonishing variety of flora and fauna. Notable species include the endangered Gobi bear, the snow leopard and numerous bird species.

3. erdene dsuu

One of the oldest Buddhist monasteries: Erdene Zuu, located near the old capital Karakorum, is considered one of the oldest and most important Buddhist monasteries in Mongolia. Founded in the 16th century, the monastery stands on the ruins of Karakorum and thus combines the Buddhist tradition with the historical significance of the city.

Architectural splendor and religious significance: The monastery complex is surrounded by an impressive wall with 108 stupas, a symbol of the Buddhist faith. The architecture of the monastery is a mixture of Mongolian and Tibetan styles and includes several temples, pagodas and a library that houses important Buddhist texts.

Cultural and historical center: Erdene Zuu was once the cultural and religious center of Mongolia and played an important role in the spread of Buddhism in the country. Even today, it is still an important place for pilgrims and practicing Buddhists.

Surviving through difficult times: Despite the destruction during the communist era, when many religious sites in Mongolia were destroyed, Erdene Zuu has survived and today once again serves as an active monastery and a symbol of religious resilience.

4th Terelj National Park

Unspoiled natural landscapes and a wide range of activities: Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, just a short drive from the capital Ulaanbaatar, is one of the most accessible and popular national parks in Mongolia. Known for its impressive rock formations, lush forests and clear rivers, the park offers a variety of outdoor activities such as hiking, horseback riding, rafting and rock climbing.

Fascinating flora and fauna: The national park is a paradise for nature lovers and offers a rich biodiversity. It is home to many animal species, including deer, brown bears and numerous bird species. The flora ranges from dense pine and larch forests to colorful wildflower meadows.

Cultural experiences and traditional nomadic life: Visitors to Gorkhi-Terelj National Park can also experience traditional Mongolian nomadic life. Many families offer homestays in their yurts, where guests can experience the unique culture and hospitality of the Mongolians.

Famous sights: Among the most famous sights in the park are the "Turtle Rock", a natural rock formation resembling a turtle, and the Aryabal Meditation Center, a Buddhist temple that blends harmoniously into the landscape.

5. ulaanbaatar

Cultural and economic center: Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city of Mongolia, is located in the valley of the Tuul River and is the cultural, economic and political heart of the country. The city combines traditional Mongolian culture with modern influences and offers a unique blend of history and contemporary life.

Historical roots and rapid development: Founded as a nomadic Buddhist center, Ulaanbaatar has developed into a lively metropolis. The city has a fascinating mix of traditional yurt quarters and modern high-rise buildings, reflecting its rapid development and urbanization in recent decades.

Cultural highlights and sights: Major sights include the Gandan Monastery, the largest and most important Buddhist monastery in Mongolia, the National Museum of Mongolia, which offers a comprehensive overview of Mongolian history and culture, and the Zaisan Memorial Hill, which offers spectacular views of the city.

Vibrant city life and culinary diversity: Ulaanbaatar offers a lively atmosphere with numerous restaurants, cafés and bars serving traditional Mongolian cuisine as well as international dishes. Cultural events, theater performances and music festivals contribute to the lively city culture.

6. Khustain Nuruu National Park

Home of the Przewalski's horses: Khustain Nuruu National Park, also known as Hustai National Park, is located about 100 kilometers west of Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia. The park is world famous for the successful reintroduction of Przewalski's horses (Takhi), the last wild horse species in the world.

Unique biodiversity and ecosystems: In addition to the Przewalski's horses, the national park boasts impressive biodiversity, including many species of mammals, birds and plants. The landscape varies from grassy steppes to forested mountains, creating a variety of habitats for wildlife.

Ecotourism and conservation: Khustain Nuruu National Park is an excellent example of ecotourism and conservation. The park administration works closely with local communities and international organizations to conserve biodiversity and offer visitors sustainable nature experiences.

Research and education: The national park also serves as a research and education center where scientists and students have the opportunity to study the unique flora and fauna as well as ecological processes.

7. the Tsaatan people and Lake Khövsgöl

Picturesque landscapes and outdoor adventures: Terelj National Park, located near Ulaanbaatar, is one of the most famous and easiest to reach national parks in Mongolia. Known for its picturesque landscapes with bizarre rock formations, green meadows and dense pine forests, the park is a paradise for nature lovers and adventurers.

Diverse activities in the wilderness: Visitors can enjoy numerous activities in Terelj National Park, such as hiking, horseback riding, rock climbing and river rafting. In winter, dog sledding and ice climbing are popular activities. The park offers routes of varying levels of difficulty, suitable for both beginners and experienced outdoor enthusiasts.

Traditional Mongolian culture: In addition to its natural beauty, Terelj National Park also offers the opportunity to experience traditional Mongolian nomadic life. Many local families offer overnight stays in yurts and provide insights into their way of life.

8th Bayanzag

A prehistoric window into the Earth's history: Bayanzag, often referred to as the Flaming Cliffs, is one of the most famous and geologically significant sites in Mongolia. The region is known for its unique red sandstone formations, which glow in flaming colors at sunset, giving it its name.

Site of important dinosaur fossils: Bayanzag is world famous for the discovery of numerous dinosaur fossils, including the first known dinosaur eggs. The area was explored by American palaeontologist Roy Chapman Andrews in the 1920s and has since made important contributions to palaeontology.

Fascinating landscape and unforgettable views: The landscape of Bayanzag is characterized by bizarre rock formations, vast desert landscapes and occasional green oases. This natural wonder offers impressive photo opportunities and is a paradise for nature lovers and photographers.

9th Amarbayasgalant Monastery

Architectural jewel in picturesque surroundings: the Amarbayasgalant Monastery, one of the largest and best-preserved Buddhist monasteries in Mongolia, is picturesquely nestled in the Ivon-Gol Valley in the north of the country. Built in the early 18th century, it is an outstanding example of 18th century Mongolian architecture with influences from the Tibetan and Chinese architectural styles.

History and religious significance: The monastery was originally built to house the mortal remains of the first Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, the spiritual leader of Mongolian Buddhism. It was once an important center of Lamaist Buddhism in Mongolia.

Survival and revival: Although the monastery was partially destroyed during the communist purges in the 1930s, it has survived and experienced a revival since the 1990s. Today it is once again an active monastery where monks live and practice.

Cultural events and spiritual practices: The Amarbayasgalant Monastery is not only a place of peace and contemplation, but also a venue for cultural events and religious ceremonies. It attracts pilgrims and tourists alike who want to experience the spiritual atmosphere and artistic beauty of the monastery.

10th Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur National Park

Volcanic wonders and crystal-clear lakes: Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur National Park, located in central Mongolia, is known for its extraordinary volcanic landscape and the picturesque White Lake (Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur). The park was created around the extinct volcano Khorgo and the lake, which was formed by volcanic activity.

A paradise for nature watching and hiking: The region offers a unique combination of lava formations, lush forests and green meadows, making it an ideal place for hiking, bird watching and nature photography. The White Lake itself is a popular place for fishing, kayaking and relaxing in the peaceful surroundings.

Flora, fauna and ecological diversity: The national park is home to a variety of plant species as well as animal species such as deer, bears and numerous bird species. The volcanic soil supports a rich and diverse plant life.

Cultural significance and local communities: The park is also of cultural importance to the local communities. Traditional nomads live in the region and visitors often have the opportunity to experience authentic nomadic life and Mongolian hospitality.